Ngorongoro Crater in Tanzania is the largest inactive, intact and unfilled volcanic caldera in the world formed about 2 to 3 million years ago.!
The Ngorongoro Crater which gained a great fame globally is among the Tanzania’s major attractions hence regarded by many as the 8th nature wonder of the World. Ngorongoro Crater Tanzania is home to a large population of wildlife including the rare black rhino.
Ngorongoro Crater Wildlife
The Crater is home to a large number of wildlife supported by yearly around water supply from the highlands and enough fodder. Over 300 bird species have been recorded here among them are Egyptian geese, flamingos, black smith plover, ibises, hummer head, cormorants, heron, storks and many more.
Large mammals and plain animals are inhabit the Crater among them are wildebeest, eland, zebra, gazelles black rhino and predators like lion, hyena, cheetah, jackals and the ever illusive leopard, as they all bounded by the volcanic walls, they can be spotted in a very close range. Giraffe and impala can not be found in the crater floor, they always hanging around the crater rim possibly is due to the steepness of the crater wall or as most of the time they have to rise their heads up while walking to only have favorable blood pressure that goes to the head. It can also be luck of palatable food in the crater floor as they are browsers.
Most of the crater floor is an open grassland, more than 24,000 large grazing animals are feeding in this area, mainly are buffalo, wildebeest, zebra, black rhino, gazelles and other smaller moving both vertebrate and invertebrates. In turn support predators such as lions, Jackals hyena, leopard and many birds of prey.